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Learn about the Roman Army in this hour-long workshop with our costumed Roman soldier. Find out about how the Roman Army worked and the differences between the Romans and the local Celtic people. A selection of replica armour and weapons will be used to illustrate this fascinating insight into the period.


PS 2-5

KS 1-4


Pupils will be able see, first-hand, the equipment used by both a Roman Legionary and Auxiliary soldier, including ring mail, helmets, swords, spears, daggers, and shields.


The session will last for 60 minutes. The guided tour of the Castle will last approximately 50 minutes. Teachers with younger children may choose a shorter tour which omits the spiral staircase to the top of one of the towers.

There is additional information about the Roman period on the Audio Guide of the Grounds and in the Family Trail.

On certain dates, it may be possible to allow additional time with the facilitator to replace the guided tour. Please ask about this when booking.

Key Learning Outcomes

By the end of the session, your pupils will have:

  • Learnt how you become and Legionary soldier
  • Learnt about how a Legionary was trained
  • Learnt about the Legionary’s equipment – the armour worn and weapons used
  • Contrasted the Roman Legionary with an ancient Celtic warrior
  • Learnt Roman methods of attack and defence.
Links to the National Curriculum


Humanities – Progression Steps 2 & 3 (Wales)

  • Enquiry, exploration, and investigation inspire curiosity about the world, it’s past, present and future.
  • Events and human experiences are complex and are perceived, interpreted, and represented in different ways.
  • Our natural world is diverse and dynamic, influences by processes and human actions.

Key Stage 2 (England)

  • The Roman Empire and its impact on Britain

What Else is Included in Your Visit

  • A guided tour of the House. The tour takes pupils to some of the highly decorated rooms that date from the Victorian period. The designs reflect the architect’s vision of how the interior of a medieval Castle would have been. There are references to some of the rulers from the Roman period in the decoration of the Library and the design of the Roof Garden was inspired by visits to Pompeii and includes Roman style mosaic floors
  • Access to areas of the Grounds including the Keep, the Battlements and Wartime Shelters.
  • A Visit to Firing Line – Museum of the Welsh Soldier (Military Museum in the Interpretation Centre). Please note: Firing Line is independently managed, and any activities offered are not a part of Cardiff Castle’s Education Service. Visits may not be possible on certain days or may incur an additional charge.


029 2087 8110


Enquiry: Romans in Cardiff

Please let our Education Office know if you have any questions about the Romans in Cardiff workshop.